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..., dated 1900 BC, possibly millennia before Pythagoras, but an abstract formulation of the Pythagorean theorem was not.In Babylonian astronomy, records of the motions of the stars, planets, and the moon are left on thousands of clay tablets created by scribes.The history of science is the study of the development of science and scientific knowledge, including both the natural and social sciences.(The history of the arts and humanities is termed history of scholarship.) Science is a body of empirical, theoretical, and practical knowledge about the natural world, produced by scientists who emphasize the observation, explanation, and prediction of real world phenomena.Their development of deductive reasoning was of particular importance and usefulness to later scientific inquiry.Plato founded the Platonic Academy in 387 BC, whose motto was "Let none unversed in geometry enter here", and turned out many notable philosophers.

This demonstrates how ancient investigators generally employed a holistic intuition, assuming the interconnectedness of all things, whereas modern science rejects such conceptual leaps.Only a few astronomers' names are known, such as that of Kidinnu, a Chaldean astronomer and mathematician.Kiddinu's value for the solar year is in use for today's calendars.This was greatly expanded on by his pupil Democritus and later Epicurus.Subsequently, Plato and Aristotle produced the first systematic discussions of natural philosophy, which did much to shape later investigations of nature.

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