Dating the crucifixion nature
Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! Collectively referred to as the Passion, Jesus' redemptive suffering and death by crucifixion represents a critical aspect of the doctrine of salvation in Christian theology.
The crucifixion of Jesus and his ensuing death is an event that occurred during the first century A. Jesus was arrested, tried, and sentenced by Pontius Pilate to be scourged, and finally executed on a cross.
Very few non-Christian sources refer to the crucifixion.
The earliest non-Christian reference to the crucifixion is likely from Mara Bar-Serapion, a Syriac writer who refers only to a "wise King" executed by the Jews.
Although there is no final consensus regarding the specific year or day, it is generally agreed by biblical scholars that it occurred during the governorship of Pontius Pilate (between AD 26 and AD 36) on a Friday on or near Passover (Nisan 15).
Several analyses based on astronomical data and computer simulations agree on the date Friday April 3, 33 AD.
Also, these scenarios take into account that not all Sabbaths were on Saturday.
These scenarios propose that the Sabbath after Jesus was crucified was not Saturday, but the two day Sabbath of the day of Preparation and the day of Passover.
These studies also showed that the man had been crucified in a manner resembling the Gospel accounts.
Another relevant archaeological find, which also dates to the first century AD, is an unidentified heel bone with a spike discovered in a Jerusalem gravesite, and is now held by the Israel Antiquities Authority and displayed in the Israel Museum.
The crucified man was identified as Yohan Ben Ha'galgol and probably died about 70AD, around the time of the Jewish revolt against Rome.
The analyses at the Hadassah Medical School estimated that he died in his late 20s.